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Sore throat is a common seasonal disease known as “Pharyngitis” or “Tonsillitis”. It may affect the pharynx or surrounding areas of tonsils. This may be caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria or viruses. It can also be accompanied by another illness like flu, fever and others.
Additionally, people suffering from sore throat could have hoarse voice, mild cough, fever, headache, tired feeling and swelling glands. Typically, those symptoms get worse in 2-3 days and gradually go within a week. If any patient suffers from sore throat more than 1 week or 10 days that maybe due to other severe diseases. At that instance, please consult your general physician immediately.
Accordingly, influenza, common cold and glandular fever can also be the causes of sore throat.
Pain in the throat and difficulty in swallowing.
Pain may spread to the ears.
The throat is reddish, the tonsils are swollen and may be coated.
Swollen lymph nodes under your jaw and in your neck.
Throat feels dry, scratchy and sore.
It is painful to swallow, eat, drink and speak.
The back of your throat may be redder.
Tonsils may be swollen and red.
Your voice may be hoarse.
Put a couple of tablespoons of salt in a glass of warm water then gargle and rinse your mouth.
Use sore throat lozenges to increase saliva production and lubricate the throat.
Drink plenty of warm fluids – this keeps the throat lubricated.
Get plenty of rest.
Eliminate dry air that can irritate a sore throat, by using a cold air humidifier.
Dissolve one-half teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water and gargle before going to bed.
Run a cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier in your bedroom.
Place a bowl of water on your radiator or heating vent each night.
Breathe through your nose rather than your mouth.
Make and drink infusion of mint in 1 cup of hot water before going to bed.
Make an infusion of the inner bark of elm in 2 cups of boiling water and drink before going to bed.
Make a garlic infusion by steeping several cloves of garlic in a half cup of water overnight and drink it.
Take vegetables soup during meal time.
Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently.
Avoid sharing food, drinking glasses or utensils.
Cough or sneeze into a tissue and throw it away.
Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers as an alternative to hand washing when soap and water aren't available.
Avoid touching public phones or drinking fountains with your mouth.
Regularly clean telephones, TV remotes and computer keyboards with sanitizing cleanser.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Protect yourself from cold and temperature changes.
Insert date: 2012.02.02 Last update: 2012.02.07